What is Feng Shui?

This article was published in Dec 1999-Jan 2000 in Holistic Therapy Trade Journal by Tania Levin & Master Wong

What is Feng Shui?

Feng Shui means “wind and water”. It is an art that was developed in ancient China over 3000 years ago, and is similar to Western geomancy. It is based on Chinese philosophy, and the following 5 principles:

(1) Tai Chi – The ancient Chinese believed the whole universe originates from emptiness – Wu Chi. From Wu Chi, yin and yang are created – negative and positive power. These two opposing forces are known as the Tai Chi. The theory of yin and yang. The positive and negative power.

(2) 5 Elements (5 Energies) – The interaction of the destructive and creative energies.

(3) Pa Qua (Bagua) – The 8 directions. Also known as the 8 Mansions Feng Shui.

(4) I Ching – The 64 directions of universal power created from the Pa Qua.

(5) Lok Shi – The influence and effect of the 9 stars upon the Earth.

Feng Shui is used to direct the flow of energy in your surroundings to create an environment that is harmoniously balanced. It works by harmonising the electromagnetic radiation that issues from the Earth, the other planets in our solar system, the Sun and that of our own bodies, thereby enhancing the positive influences of the environment while avoiding the negative ones. It is used to determine the best site for one’s home, place of work or business and the best system of design and positioning for interior decorating that avoids obstructing the natural flow of energy in relation to your own internal energy. This will create a most favourable environment in which you can function at the top of your ability.

Feng Shui can be divided into 2 major styles – Landscape Feng Shui and Metaphysical Feng Shui. Landscape Feng Shui is divided into large and small variations, and can affect your luck for a long time – for example 8 Mansions Feng Shui (also known as I Ching Trigram Feng Shui) and Large Landscape Feng Shui. Metaphysical Feng Shui comprises Flying Star and I Ching Feng Shui, and can affect your luck for a short time. By combining both of these different styles the accuracy of the consultation will be increased.
Why is Feng Shui Called “Wind and Water”?

The reason why this art was called Feng Shui or “Wind and Water” is something that very few people understand. However, we will reveal the hidden meaning behind the name. The two forces of wind and water are the destroyer and creator of chi respectively.


Chi is created by water, through the process of evaporation. The scientific explanation of this is that, as a substance – in this case water – changes from liquid to vapour, it goes through a chemical reaction at a molecular level generating and releasing energy. This energy is chi. The ancient Chinese knew of this centuries before it was discovered by modern science.


The way chi is destroyed by wind is more straightforward. The wind simply blows the chi away, dispersing and moving it from one place to another. If an area is affected by strong winds, then it will have very bad Feng Shui because the chi will be unable to settle. Therefore the area will not benefit from any chi that is to be found there.

If we know how to manipulate the interaction of airflow (wind) and water (water vapour) we will know how to make our lives more balanced. This is not a New Age spiritual fashion accessory but an extremely advanced method of enhancing the individual’s well being, for peace of mind if practiced correctly!
How Does “Chi” Relate to Feng Shui ?

Although it is an ancient art, Feng Shui is built on sound scientific principles supported by modern physics and the understanding of energy. The Earth and all living things emit energy. This has been known for thousands of years by the Chinese but has only recently been validated by new discoveries in the field of quantum physics. This energy is known as chi to the Chinese and electromagnetic energy to scientists. Feng Shui is an ancient system devised to study and change the effects this electromagnetism has on our daily lives. Knowledge of this energy allows us to orientate our surroundings to be in harmony with the electromagnetic field of the earth. The blood inside our bodies contains iron, which as a metal is affected by magnetic fields. If the magnetic fields inside a building are compatible with our own, the environment will have positive effects on our health, concentration, relationships and financial success. If the magnetic fields are incompatible, the effects will be negative.

Feng Shui has been described as acupuncture for the home. The reason for this is that in the body chi (energy) flows along paths known as meridians. When there is a blockage in the meridian, illness develops and the pressure points have to be manipulated to remove the blockage and restore health. The energy flowing all around us is no different. It needs to flow freely. If a blockage is caused by an incorrectly designed building, then the energy will stagnate. This leads to poor health, lack of concentration resulting in accidents and bad decisions, depression, arguments and tension in and around the building, all of which will create a miserable home environment or financial disaster for a business. However, a well designed building based on Feng Shui principles will have the opposite effect, making people feel healthy and full of vitality, able to concentrate better and make well-informed decisions. This will create higher productivity for a company and better relationships in a household. This type of environment leads to a happy home or a prosperous business. By using Feng Shui, you can avoid the problems of an incorrectly designed building and transform your home or business into an ideal environment that will enhance your well-being and financial prosperity.

Feng Shui can be utilised for good or bad purposes according to the practitioner’s intention. Most people use Feng Shui to improve their relationships, health, financial situations, and to harmonise their lives. However, governments, businesses and those in major positions of power use Feng Shui to assure their longevity as well as to destroy their opponents with confrontational design. This is a political and business use of Feng Shui and the reason why TRUE Masters will only pass their knowledge directly to students of good character. This makes one realise that the many so called “experts” proliferating today are merely scratching the surface of an ancient culture that goes back 5000 years and do not truly represent “The ancient science of Feng Shui”.
A Brief History of Feng Shui

Feng Shui has existed as a system for nearly 3000 years in China. After a further 2000 years Feng Shui spread to other parts of the Far East, where it continues to flourish. The reason why Feng Shui or Geomancy survived and flourished in China after it was originated, but perished elsewhere, is probably due to the Chinese people’s close relationship with the land because of their dependence on farming. The other advanced civilisations lost their connection with the land as urbanisation took place with the development of large cities. Being reliant on the land for their livelihood meant the Chinese people’s well-being was closely linked to Feng Shui principles and natural phenomena. As the success of a farmer was dependent on a good site, with protection from the harsh north winds, good relief, irrigation and without obstructions that would not allow chi to flow freely, Feng Shui was very important to him. However, finding a good site was not always easy and some people had to settle for less than perfect land. It was here that a Feng Shui master was employed to suggest ways to optimise the flow of chi. Feng Shui was therefore used to aid a prosperous life, and was applied to both the living and the dead. Graveyard Feng Shui was also employed to determine the best burial sites for the deceased – as it was believed that their own lives were affected by their dead ancestors. This is not as far fetched as it may seem, even if you do not believe in the spirit of a person. It can be explained scientifically by the shared chromosomes in the DNA which relatives would have. When reduced to its simplest atomic level, DNA, like everything else in the universe, is nothing more than energy. Therefore the way that chi (energy) affects a dead ancestor also has an affect on living relatives. Most Chinese burial sites are sited on south-facing hillsides to protect them from harsh north winds and smooth contours to allow the chi to flow freely. Ravines, hollows, and rocky and exposed sites are avoided.

Although Feng Shui has been practiced in China for thousands of years, many of the ancient texts have been lost. Two of the most important surviving books are “The Burial Classics” and “The Yellow Emperor’s Dwelling Classic”. These two books still influence Feng Shui Masters to the present day. One point worth noting is that although many texts have been lost, the actual knowledge is still accessible. Through meditation, one can regain the powers of perception that the creators of Feng Shui possessed. As Feng Shui is strongly linked to spiritual training, there are a few Spiritual Masters who have regained this lost wisdom.

Feng Shui flourished throughout the centuries in China – in particular the Ming and Sun Dynasties. This was the golden age of Feng Shui, with many famous Masters practising and many classic books being written during this period. At this time the Feng Shui Master, known as a hsien-sheng, was highly respected for his knowledge that would take many years to learn. The ancient cities during this period were built on Feng Shui principles. For example Yan Shan – the capital during the Ming period – was situated so that it benefited from the chi flowing from Kunlan. The “Azure Dragon” was on the left and “White Tiger” on the right and the Song Shan mountains provided protection at the back. The entire Forbidden City was also built during the Ming Dynasty by the Emperor, and was planned and built strictly on the principles of Feng Shui.

Over the centuries the ancient Chinese made many philosophical and scientific achievements that led to the development and advancement of Feng Shui. For example, in the twelfth century B.C. the cycle of the 5 elements (5 energies) was established. These are the elements or energies of metal, wood, water, fire and earth. These energies explain the alchemical reactions that give rise to the creative and destructive processes of the universe. In the second century A.D., the Chinese established an astronomical and astrological system including all the planets of the solar system and the major stellar constellations. A major development occurred in the eighth century A.D., when the Chinese compass was invented. This was incorporated into a divination board showing various elemental, planetary and stellar correspondences that become known as the Luopan or Feng Shui compass. The Luopan was further enhanced a hundred years later in the ninth century A.D., when a special compass was created for positioning burial sites for Graveyard Feng Shui. In the twelfth century A.D., other correspondences were added, so that the compass could be used for the positioning of houses. This became known as Living Environment Feng Shui.

Today, a Feng Shui Master is likely to look like any professional businessman, wearing a suit and tie, and often commanding a high fee for his services. However, his knowledge is still to be highly regarded and is just as valuable now as it ever was. Many people spend many years learning Feng Shui, but it is not the the length of time that you’ve been learning, it is how practical the knowledge you acquire is. The most practical form of Feng Shui which applies to modern day society is “Living Environment Feng Shui”. This type of Feng Shui is concerned with improving the internal Feng Shui of the home or office. This is the knowledge that is used to set up a successful Feng Shui consultancy and can be taught in a relatively short period of time. Conventional courses available on the market do not tend to be so specialised. They focus extensively on Landscape and Graveyard Feng Shui which takes years of study – but has little or no relevance to running a Feng Shui business in the modern age.

If you are interested in learning Feng Shui, Master Simon Wong has taken the most advanced techniques from Living Environment Feng Shui and condensed them into a single comprehensive course. Due to their direct nature, they will allow you to reach Consultant level in less than a week.